Scrolls and Baskets: A Vision of Today — Part I
Remarkable for such
a short chapter of only 11 verses, Zechariah 5 contains two separate but
important visions of the endtimes.
This text contains the 6th and 7th visions given to the
prophet Zechariah. We first read of
a giant scroll that is levitating in the air
(verses 1 to
4). Right after this, the
angel speaking to Zechariah shows him another vision.
We then see a strange picture of an ephah
(measuring basket) being carried by two women with the wings
of storks. What do these visions
The vision of the ephah is
relatively clear in its meaning.
the meaning of the first picture of a flying scroll has been most problematic.
While a few expositors have drawn out some meaningful perspectives
(i.e. relating its
significance to the 10 Commandments as did G. Vernon McGee), I have
yet to encounter an interpretation of this vision that meets a common-sense,
literal fit with all of its criteria.
Attempts at deciphering this flying scroll have surely resulted in some
very imaginative interpretations … and not just among lay people!
One Bible historian sees a
modern-day satellite revolving around the earth.
He argues that this large scroll is descriptive of a large cylindrical
object that is flying in the air.
Others are convinced that the scroll is really an ancient attempt at explaining
a modern-day intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) or is the representation
of a binary code that underpins futuristic computers and information technology.
However, there is a
very important clue that these more extreme interpretations overlook.
The angel speaking to Zechariah reveals that the two visions are in fact
linked. They must be taken together,
any interpretation applying to both.
If we follow the
literal, common sense meanings of this text, we discover yet another prophecy
that uniquely applies to the times in which we live today.
Moreover, such an interpretation also offers a compelling perspective to
the heavily-debated question of a future revived city of
there be a rebuilt Babylon or not?
The evidence in Zechariah 5 is rather clear, though mostly overlooked.
The Two Visions
In tackling this
important chapter, we must pursue somewhat of a circuitous route.
This stems from the two “unlocking”
keys provided in this chapter. Let’s
review each of the visions as we first draw out these important keys, starting
with the first:
turned, and lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a flying roll.
And he said unto me, What seest thou? And I answered, I see a flying
roll; the length thereof
twenty cubits, and the breadth thereof ten cubits.
Then said he unto me, This
curse that goeth forth over the face of the whole earth: for every one that
stealeth shall be cut off
as on this side
according to it; and every one that sweareth shall be cut off
that side according to it. I will
bring it forth, saith the LORD of hosts, and it shall enter into the house of
the thief, and into the house of him that sweareth falsely by my name: and it
shall remain in the midst of his house, and shall consume it with the timber
thereof and the stones thereof."
Just what does this
scroll represent? It
“enters” houses, it flies, consumes timbers and it is
inordinately large. Most would agree
that in only reading these four verses one is left perplexed and wondering.
There simply are not many clues given that allow us to put this vision
into its intended framework and prophetic timeframe.
We, therefore, must read further. (Verses 5-11, KJV)
“Then the angel that talked with me went forth, and
said unto me, Lift up now thine eyes, and see what
this that goeth forth. And I said, What
And he said, This
is an ephah that goeth forth. He said moreover, This
their resemblance through all the earth. And, behold, there was lifted up a
talent of lead: and this
is a woman that sitteth
in the midst of the ephah. And he said, This
wickedness. And he cast it into the midst of the ephah; and he cast the weight
of lead upon the mouth thereof. Then lifted I up mine eyes, and looked, and,
behold, there came out two women, and the wind
their wings; for they had wings like the wings of a stork: and they lifted up
the ephah between the earth and the heaven. Then said I to the angel that talked
with me, Whither do these bear the ephah? And he said unto me, To build it an
house in the land
of Shinar: and it shall be
established, and set there upon her own base.”
Before delving into
the meaning of this vision, we want to first isolate the first of the key clues.
It is found in verse 6. It says that
the wickedness in the ephah is
resemblance through all the earth.”
To who is “their” referring?
The Amplified Bible brings out this point more clearly.
“And I said, What is it? [What does it symbolize?]
And he said, ‘This that goes forth is an ephah [-sized vessel for separate grains all collected
together]. This, he continued, is the
symbol of the sinners mentioned above and is the resemblance of their iniquity
throughout the whole land.” (Zechariah 5:6.
Who are the
said to be “mentioned above”?
They are the very same that either
“sweareth falsely” or “stealeth”, the two groups that are
listed on opposite sides of the opened scroll in the first vision.
We will come back to these two groups of people as we delve into the
details of this vision more closely.
However, for now, we have found the first of the important keys to this chapter.
The two visions are clearly linked.
Therefore, understanding the second vision is first necessary before
approaching the first vision.
The second key to which we must draw our attention
is also clear and logical. As one
vision follows the other, the sequence of the two prophetic visions is therefore
significant. In other words, it will
make sense that the events surrounding the second vision will follow that of the
first, especially so as both are related.
Holding on to these two keys, we can now launch our
investigation into the meaning of these two visions.
However, we need to start in reverse by examining the second vision
first. Then proceeding, we can
examine the first. Finally, that
will lead us to the conclusion which is the logical follow-through to the order
of the two visions. Here, it speaks
about judgment and something being relocated to Shinar, an area inside Iraq
today. Just what is being moved, and
to where? As did Zechariah, we will
have to leave these answers to the conclusion.
The Ephah Explained
The ephah that
Zechariah saw lifted up toward heaven — shown with a lid of lead upon it to
contain the iniquity — was a commercial measuring unit for dry goods.
It is the approximate equivalent of about 8-9 bushels today.
This unit of measure is mentioned more than twice as much as any other in
(the hin, the homer or the seah, for example).
Clearly, it was the key unit of commerce during the prophet’s time, both
for measurement and transport. If
Zechariah’s vision had been given in our day, God may have used the symbol of a
twenty-foot shipping container
(the type that is transported on ocean-going ships and tractor trailers)
or perhaps even a No. 10 cardboard box.
Clearly, the ephah here is being used as the symbol for trade and
Yet, more than this
is being symbolized in this vision.
More expressly, it indicts the iniquity and idolatry associated with
commercialism — a worldwide orgy of commercialism as we will yet show.
The woman figure contained in the ephah speaks of idolatry or
unfaithfulness as is often symbolized in the female form in prophetic language.
All in all, it is a grave allegation.
wickedness”, says the angel in no uncertain terms. (Verse 8)
But, can we at this
point determine the general time period during which the prophecies of Zechariah
5 play out? We can conclude that it
definitely refers to the last days, most likely the Tribulation period and the
worldwide developments leading to this condition.
Involved here is a global application and a divine intervention.
Such apocalyptic events do not occur in prophecy until the 70th
week or thereabouts. Specifically
the vision of the ephah being transported arguably applies
to that time point that
the Millennium period begins.
Several more factors line up with this interpretation which we will yet review.
Now that we have the correct framework, timeframe, and sequence, the meaning of
the first vision unfolds. We are now
ready to examine this vision. And,
as we will see, doing so provides further proofs for our interpretation of the
second. Most of all, we must
remember that we are dealing with the massive idolatry of commercialism in the
The Flying Scroll: What is it?
What a strange sight — a
flying scroll levitating in mid air.
Yet, Zechariah mentions two times that he sees a flying scroll.
“Then I turned, and lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a flying roll.
And he said unto me, What seest thou? And I answered, I see a flying
roll; the length thereof
is twenty cubits, and the
breadth thereof ten cubits.”
(Zechariah 5:1-2, KJV)
The scroll seen here is surely one of odd size.
Converting its dimensions into the measures of our day, it is
approximately 30 feet wide and 15 feet high.
It is visible as an open book … an open ledger of record.
As most scrolls of that day, writing was on both sides.
Zechariah says twice that the flying object that he saw was a
scroll with writing on both sides.
The writing could be clearly seen.
Therefore, it was unfurled, rather than being rolled up.
The Bible uses two Hebrew words for literary documents, megillah
and siphrah. Both mean a type of
document that can be rolled up into a roll.
If God meant us to understand that it was to prefigure an object of some
type that was cylindrical, or a futuristic technology, Zechariah would have
explained what he saw quite differently.
Yet this scroll is very large, much larger than
could be handled by a single reader.
It floats in the air as if a banner for all to see across the whole world …
having application to
“the face of the whole earth.”
Bible says that it is a scroll which is a record-keeping device for all the
world to see. It is a marquee,
announcing a curse and a final judgment.
“Then said he unto me, ‘This
is the curse that goeth forth
over the face of the whole earth’
[…].” (Verse 3a)
A Banner Proclaiming a World-wide
The scroll represents a curse that applies to the
whole world. Why a curse?
As the Bible shows, a curse is always the result of forsaking God’s
ordinances. For example, referring
to the Hebrews: “If you do not listen, and if
you do not set your heart to honor my name," says the LORD Almighty, I will send
a curse upon you, and I will curse your blessings. Yes, I have already cursed
them, because you have not set your heart to honor me”. (Malachi 2:2)
The book of Deuteronomy lists numerous curses that would befall Israel if they
departed from the commands given to them by Moses.
Joshua summed them up. He
read all the words of
the law—the blessings and the curses—just as it is written in the Book of the
Law.” (Joshua 8:34)
However, Isaiah mentions a curse that applies not just to Israel, but the
“The land shall be utterly emptied, and utterly spoiled: for the LORD hath
spoken this word. The earth mourneth
and fadeth away, the world
fadeth away, the haughty people of the earth do languish. The earth also is
defiled under the inhabitants thereof; because they have transgressed the laws,
changed the ordinance, broken the everlasting covenant.
Therefore hath the curse devoured the earth, and they that dwell therein
are desolate: therefore the inhabitants of the earth are burned, and few men
There is an argument to be made that this curse applying to the whole
world is in fact linked to the curse we are now examining in Zechariah.
In this case, why is a curse being pronounced?
The Bible tells us clearly: “[…]
for every one that stealeth shall be cut off
as on this side according to it;
and every one that sweareth shall be cut off
as on that side according to
it.” (verse 3)
Therefore, both those that steal and those that sweareth falsely are
being cut off and cursed. This
answer only serves to trigger another important question: Why is the world being
judged for these two sins? Aren’t
there 10 commandments?
The Ills of Swearing and Stealing
What is clearly peculiar is that only two of the 10 commandments — the 4thd
and 8th — are mentioned as the cause of the curse upon the whole
(that being misusing the Lord’s name and stealing).
It could be argued that the 9th commandment,
“You shall not give false testimony against your
is also involved.
Whatever the case,
why are only 3 sins mentioned at most?
Because, the breaking of the other commandments is not directly involved.
That is another important clue. However, at this point, we must again
recall the first clue — that the vision of the scroll is linked to the ephah of
the second vision.
We therefore can know that the false witness and the stealing being mentioned
has to do with the idolatrous commercialism of the last days pointed out in the
second vision. Pinpointed are the
two sins that are mainly responsible for the filthy idolatry that was shown in
the flying ephah — the last-day semblance of manmade prosperity, the religion of
greed, the intoxicating wine of Babylon the Great mentioned in Revelation 18,
the human quest for the actualization of man on earth through the economics of
satiating people’s physical and materialistic wants.
In no uncertain terms, we are seeing here the endemic commercialization and
financialization of all human life on earth of the last days.
Rampant globalization today is surely part of this picture … whether in
its earlier or later stages.
Encompassed here is everything from the elevation of manipulative and global
monetary systems, fiat money, capitalism, globalism based on the vested interest
of intertwined world-wide trading systems, accounting shenanigans, corporatism
and debt-based wealth. All together
it represents that heaving mass of Mammonism — a world that has chosen Money
The corrosiveness and imbalances of these systems are literally consuming
“the timber thereof and
the stones thereof."
— symbolizing the structural integrity of man’s globalized foundation.
For such systems to prosper — prospering here meaning nothing more than
giving the semblance of success, though its underpinnings are deceitful and not
sustainable — they depend upon two impulses alone.
What are these? To no
surprise, the very two sins of stealing and false-witness.
Swearing Falsely and Stealing Up Close
To understand the linkage of these two sins
more closely with Zechariah’s second vision, let’s examine them more closely
beginning with swearing falsely.
here means to take an oath, or to promise something.
The actual translation of the Hebrew word is to
self” … in other words, to enter into contract or declaration by
saying it seven times. The issue
here has to do with
“swearing falsely by my name”
(verse 4, KJV) Therefore, this
first wicked condition has to do with lying, perjury, deceit — misusing the
Lord’s name. It concerns the issue
making a promise without
intending to fulfill it.
But how is it that the Lord’s name is involved? Well,
it must be. After all,
“God is not a man, that he should lie, nor a son of
man, that he should change his mind.”(Numbers 23:19) He is
the God of Truth (Psalms 31:5, 33:4)
Every man may be a liar, but God is true. (Romans 3;4)
The Bible clearly tells us that God is the personification of truth.
Therefore, to swear falsely in the name of truth, is to
sweareth falsely by my name.” (Zechariah
Actually, this type of lying — in other
words, swearing falsely in the name of truth — is the glue of our world’s
economic and geopolitical systems.
At the highest levels, it is mirrored in the institution of contract law.
On the one hand, legions of lawyers are required to establish a rigid
framework for world commerce to function.
Of course, this wouldn’t be required in the first case, were there not so
many false promises.
In fact, for a long
time the common law system has included the practice of asking deponents and
witnesses to swear upon the Bible, “that they
will tell nothing but the truth.”
Most contracts today are made entirely on the premise of what is legally
allowable as opposed to what is right, moral and a true promise.
All that is required to get out of one’s obligation is a simple loophole.
It is as easy as that for the most part … nothing more than a façade of
The same attitude applies to the world of competitive geopolitics.
The “lie” is the most deftly used technique in the pursuit of nations’
interests. The lying and deceit
definitely defines the modus operandi of the entire world today.
Christ warned of this murky quagmire of “swearing.”
“Simply let your `Yes'
be `Yes,' and your `No,' `No';
anything beyond this comes from the evil one.”
(In Part II, we
conclude with our review of Zechariah’s 6th and 7th
visions and the question of a rebuilt
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About the Author:
Wilfred J. Hahn
is a global economist/strategist.
Formerly a top-ranked global analyst and chairman of the country’s largest
global investment operation his writings focus on the endtime roles of money,
economics and globalization. He has
been quoted around the world and his writings reproduced in numerous other
publications and languages. His most
recent book is The Endtime Money Snare: How to live free.