ďThe king will do as he pleases. He will exalt and
magnify himself above every god and will say unheard-of things
against the God of gods. He will be successful until the time of
wrath is completed, for what has been determined must take
ďAt the time of the end the king of the South will engage
him in battle, and the king of the North will storm out against
him with chariots and cavalry and a great fleet of ships. He
will invade many countries and sweep through them like a flood.Ē (Daniel 11:40)
Three separate kings are in view in Daniel 11:36 & 40 and
their identities must be discovered to fully understand what
will happen in the days leading up to the end. They are the King
who exalts himself, King of the North, and the King of the
South. All of Daniel 11:4-35 has been taken
up with a discussion of various generations of the King of the
North and the King of the South. The King who exalts
himself is neither, and yet subdues them both. Letís see
if we can identify these three kings.
First, the King who exalts himself. The angel told Daniel this
king would exalt and magnify himself above every god. In 2
Thes. 2:4 Paul said the anti-Christ will exalt himself over
everything that is called god or is worshiped. The angel
also told Daniel he would say unheard of things against the God
of gods. In Rev. 13:6 John said the anti- Christ
will blaspheme God and slander His name. So itís clear
that the king who exalts himself is the anti-Christ.
Now for the other two. The vision of Daniel 11 was given
in 536BC and begins with an angel telling Daniel what would
happen to the Persian Kingdom then in power. The angel
told Daniel that after 3 more Persian Kings, a fourth one would
arise, an especially rich and powerful king. This Persian King,
who we know as Xerxes I, took as his queen the Jewish woman
Hadassah, called Esther in the Persian language (Esther
2:16-17). He put together a mighty army and mounted an
unsuccessful attempt to conquer Greece in 480BC. About 150
years later the tables would be turned and a King from Greece
would conquer the Persian Empire. This prophecy was fulfilled by
Alexander the Great.
Then the angel said that Alexanderís Kingdom would be divided
into four pieces according to the four winds of heaven, not
going to his offspring. (After Alexanderís death his four
generals divided up the Kingdom among them.) The next 30 verses
are devoted to the families of two of the four, Seleucus, known
in Daniel 11 as the first King of the North and Ptolemy,
the first King of the South. 135 historically confirmed
prophecies are contained in the first 35 verses of Daniel 11,
most having to do with the descendants of these two men. The
other two generals, Cassander and Lysimachus are not mentioned
here, but in fact they both eventually lost their portions to
So the first kings of the North and the South were Seleucus and
Ptolemy. For territory Seleucus eventually got control of what
we now know as Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan
and parts of Turkey. Reigning for a time from Babylon in modern
Iraq, he built a new capital city 20 miles to the south east on
the Tigris river and named it Seleucia. Ptolemy took Libya,
Egypt, the Sudan, Israel and Jordan, and chose Alexandria in
Egypt as his capital.
The descendants of these two kings fought each other for control
of the known world for the next several hundred years. Then Daniel
11:33-35 brings us to the Macabean revolt when the last
important King of the North, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, was
History To Prophecy
Although it was all in the future when the angel revealed the
first 35 verses to Daniel, itís all history where weíre
concerned. But beginning in Daniel 11:36 we fast forward
to the time of the end when modern versions of these two kings
will go after the anti-Christ. What would make them do that?
Evidence continues to indicate that the dominating End times
religion will be Islam. The goal of Islam is to bring about a
single Islamic World Empire, or Caliphate, and thereís fierce
competition among leaders in the Middle East to see who can make
I believe the current unrest in the Islamic Middle East will soon
result in the re-emergence of these two ancient powers in a
final contest for leadership of the Islamic world. Turkey
and Iran are both part of the territory once identified with the
King of the North, and are obvious contenders for that title.
They will both be involved in the battle of Ezekiel 38,
but since Daniel 11 follows Ezekiel 38 in time,
this tells us their defeat on the mountains of Israel wonít put
them out of contention.
Ezekielís phrase ď send down fireĒ (Ezekiel 39:6), which
many believe to be a reference to nuclear warfare, is directed
at Magog (Russia), the distant coastlines (somewhere beyond the
Mediterranean) and the battlefield in Israel. No mention is made
of any such destruction in Persia (Iran) or Turkey (Togarmah).
Whatever forces they have in Israel will be decimated, but Iran
and Turkey will both survive to fight another day.
Egypt and Saudi Arabia will not participate in Ezekiel 38 but
will likely join forces to form the new King of the South.
Within the last few weeks, the Saudis have rebelled against US
policy and embarked upon an independent course of action,
promising to defend the Gulf States against Iranian meddling
themselves. This was due partly as an expression of anger over
the way the US helped oust Egyptís Pres. Mubarak, a close friend
of the Saudi King, and partly over their frustration with
Americaís lack of action against Iran. Saudi Arabia does
not want Iran to emerge as the leader of the Islamic Middle East
and is determined to make sure that doesnít happen, even if it
comes to war. So far theyíve backed up their promises by
moving troops and weaponry into Bahrain, posing a direct threat
Things are currently so fluid in the Middle East itís hard to
know whatís going to happen next. For example, some western
intelligence sources are saying itís already too late to save
the Assad regime in Syria, and that Hezbollah has begun moving
its long-range missiles and other weaponry out of Syria into
Lebanon for protective purposes. Also, it has been
reported that Egypt will open its borders with Gaza to permit
more freedom of movement for Hamas. The unity agreement
Palestinian Pres. Abbas has just signed with Hamas in Egypt will
provide another clue, since the Palestinian government is
secular while Hamas is decidedly religious. It will be
interesting to see who winds up with the real power.
If secular governments continue to be pushed aside in favor of
Islamic leadership, it could mean the Kings of the North and the
South are returning.
Then What Happens?
When the anti-Christ first comes on the scene in the aftermath of
the Battle of Ezekiel 38-39, heíll look to the world like
a great peacemaker. Heíll deceive people by distributing gifts
of power and influence and will even confirm a treaty allowing
Israel to build the third Temple and reinstate their worship of
God there. As he gains public support heíll start
attacking countries who donít fall into line. Heíll make his
close followers into rulers, giving them conquered lands as a
reward for their faithfulness (Daniel 11:39).
At the time when he moves to consolidate his grasp on the Earth
by going to Jerusalem, the King of the North and the King of the
South will both try to stop him (Daniel 11:40). But
heíll bring them into submission and, after invading many other
countries, heíll arrive in Jerusalem and set up his headquarters
there, where heíll walk into the New Temple and claim to be God.
Daniel 12:1, Matt. 24:15 and 2 Thes. 2:4 confirm
that this will all happen right at the threshold of the Great
Tribulation. And as Daniel said, the anti-Christ will be
successful until the time of wrath is completed because this is
the way God has determined it will happen (Daniel 11:36).
No one will be able to stand against him (Rev. 13:4).
But when his time has come to an end, heíll be defeated. Where
the Kings of the North and South will have failed, the King of
Kings will be successful and at the end there will be no one to
help him (Daniel 11:45).
If this view is correct and the current unrest in the Islamic
Middle East is leading to the re-appearance of the ancient Kings
of the North and South, then the appearance of the anti-Christ
cannot be far behind. And thatís another reason for us to
believe that the days of the Church on Earth are truly numbered.
You can almost hear the Footsteps of the Messiah. 05-07-11